地理研究 ›› 2020, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (8): 1769-1781.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020190689

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

环境类邻避设施对北京市住宅价格影响研究——以大型垃圾处理设施为例

党艺1,2,3(), 余建辉1,2,3(), 张文忠1,2,3   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2.中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    3.中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2019-08-15 修回日期:2019-11-22 出版日期:2020-08-20 发布日期:2020-10-20
  • 通讯作者: 余建辉
  • 作者简介:党艺(1994-),女,河南南阳人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为城市与区域发展。E-mail: dangy. 17s@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41671166);国家自然科学基金项目(41871170);中国科学院美丽中国生态文明建设科技工程专项(XDA23100302)

The impact of NIMBY facilities on housing prices in Beijing: A case study of large waste disposal facilities

DANG Yi1,2,3(), YU Jianhui1,2,3(), ZHANG Wenzhong1,2,3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. The Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Analysis and Simulation, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2019-08-15 Revised:2019-11-22 Online:2020-08-20 Published:2020-10-20
  • Contact: YU Jianhui

摘要:

近年来,随着城市扩张,垃圾处理设施的布局逐步和城市居住空间相交叠,影响居民生活品质。目前人们对于北京市垃圾处理设施“围城”问题的认知多来自新闻媒体的宣传报道,存在一定的认知误差。以北京市六环内及周边街道为研究范围,分析垃圾处理及转运设施对房价的影响程度,以及垃圾处理设施对周边住宅价格影响的空间范围,在此基础上分析北京市最大的垃圾处理中心——阿苏卫对周边房价的影响范围。结果表明:① 北京市大型垃圾处理设施对周边房价影响的空间作用范围平均为6 km左右,这一距离远超市政建设要求的大型垃圾处理设施与居住区距离500 m的邻避标准。以此空间距离为基准测算,北京有800多个社区、约70万户居民处于大型垃圾处理设施的影响范围内。② 案例研究显示,阿苏卫垃圾处理中心对周边房价的影响范围接近14 km,远大于垃圾处理设施的平均空间作用距离。由于阿苏卫周边分布着回龙观、天通苑等大型居住区,受该设施影响的居民多达几十万人。

关键词: 垃圾处理, 邻避设施, 住宅价格, 空间范围, 北京

Abstract:

In recent years, with the expansion of cities, the distribution range of garbage disposal stations has gradually overlapped with urban living spaces, and affected the quality of residents' lives. In the past, people's perception of the problem of garbage sewers in Beijing came only from sensory impressions. In fact, garbage disposal sites and facilities only accounted for a small part of the “encirclement of the city”, but the scope of its impact on the living space is relatively large. The specific impact degree and scope need to be analyzed quantitatively to reach an objective conclusion. Taking the streets within the Sixth Ring Road of Beijing as the research scope, this paper analyzes the impact of waste treatment and transfer facilities on the housing price, as well as the spatial scope of the impact of waste treatment facilities on surrounding housing prices. On this basis, the impact range of Asuwei waste treatment center on the surrounding housing prices is analyzed. The results show that: (1) on average, large-scale waste treatment facilities in Beijing will affect the price of residential buildings within a distance of 6 km. This result is consistent with the previous results derived by scholars. There are 810 residential areas and nearly 700 thousand households in the affected area. (2) The impact of Asuwei waste treatment center on the surrounding housing prices reaches 14 km, which is far beyond the average impact range of waste treatment facilities and the protection distance specified in the construction standards.

Key words: waste treatment, NIMBY facilities, housing prices, spatial scope, Beijing