地理研究 ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (2): 462-476.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020190989

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

第二居所旅居者与当地居民社会互动过程及机制——以三亚市为例

王金莲1,2(), 苏勤1()   

  1. 1.安徽师范大学地理与旅游学院,芜湖 241000
    2.黄山学院旅游学院,黄山 245021
  • 收稿日期:2019-11-13 接受日期:2020-06-08 出版日期:2021-02-10 发布日期:2021-04-10
  • 通讯作者: 苏勤
  • 作者简介:王金莲(1985-),女,安徽宣城人,讲师,博士研究生,主要研究方向为旅游地理。 E-mail: wjl85@hsu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41971189)

The social interaction processes and mechanisms between second home sojourners and local residents: A case study of Sanya city, China

WANG Jinlian1,2(), SU Qin1()   

  1. 1. College of Geographic and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, Anhui, China
    2. College of Tourism, Huangshan University, Huangshan 245021, Anhui, China
  • Received:2019-11-13 Accepted:2020-06-08 Online:2021-02-10 Published:2021-04-10
  • Contact: SU Qin

摘要:

第二居所旅居在流动谱系中介于短时性旅游与永久性旅游移民之间,是一种新的人口流动现象。地理学对日常生活的关注从宏大的结构叙事向后现代的多元与微观化转向。在此背景下,本文借鉴符号互动理论,探析第二居所旅居者与当地居民之间差异的建构及其对社会互动的作用过程与机制。结果发现:旅居者与当地居民所处人文地理环境产生的内在差异,使得三亚市存在着明显的“三亚人”与“东北人”之间“我者”与“他者”的对视;这些内在差异经过“人”的定义与解释被赋予特殊意义,并基于“外地人”与“本地人”身份符号意义建构出新的内涵,影响两者的互动实践;其具体作用过程包括:不了解对方、污名化对方、不愿与对方交往3个阶段。本文从微观层面研究社会互动的内在运作机制,有利于宏观政策制定的针对性与有效性,促进旅居地的可持续发展。

关键词: 第二居所旅居者, 当地居民, 社会互动, 过程, 机制, 差异

Abstract:

The second home sojourn has emerged in the grey zone between short-term tourism and permanent tourism immigration, which is a new phenomenon of population flow described as “lifestyle migration”, “seasonal lifestyle tourism” or “residential tourism”. The second home sojourn, which has become popular across the Western world and in the developing countries such as China, is a response to the desire of people for leisure, health and a more comfortable lifestyle. With the rise and the shift of study on “everyday life” in geography academia, the daily life and social interaction have become an important research field in tourism geography studies. Geography has shifted its interest on daily life from grand structural narration to diversification and microcosm. Relevant literature concerning the development of second home sojourn and the social interaction is reviewed, and striking differences are found to exist between second home sojourners and local residents, which are reckoned to be the primary factors affecting the social interaction between each other. However, no current research has deepened our understanding of how such differences are constructed. There is limited understanding of how these cultural and social differences shape the way they act in relation to each other. Therefore, a case study of Sanya city is carried out, targeting at exploring the roots of non-internal differences between the second home residents and the local residents, and the micro-processes of these differences on social interaction, starting from the subjective initiative of “human” within the symbolic interaction theory framework. It is discovered that there exists a notable opposition between “Sanya people” and “Northeastern people”, due to the differences in identity symbols, and cultural and geographic environment between travelers (“outsiders”) and residents (“locals”). However, these differences are endowed with new connotations through the definitions and interpretations of “human”, thus affecting the social interaction between them. The detailed processes include three phases: the knowledge of others, the evaluation of others and the willingness to interact with others. It is concluded that both second home sojourners and local residents tend to know little of others, form negative judgments on others, and have little willingness to interact with others. The research on the internal operation mechanisms of social interaction at the micro level is supposed to improve the effectiveness and pertinence of macro policy-making and promote the sustainable development of second home sojourn destinations.

Key words: second home sojourners, local residents, social interaction, progress, mechanism, difference