地理研究 ›› 2020, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (5): 1005-1017.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020191002

• 经济地理学理论前沿与反思 •    下一篇

关系经济地理的研究脉络与中国实践理论创新

刘逸   

  1. 中山大学旅游学院,广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2019-11-14 修回日期:2020-03-16 出版日期:2020-05-20 发布日期:2020-07-20
  • 作者简介:刘逸(1980-),男,广东汕头人,副教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向为经济地理、旅游地理、全球化与区域发展。E-mail: liuyi89@mail.sysu.edu.cn

Progress of relational economic geography: Whether theorizing China′s experiences

LIU Yi   

  1. Sun Yat-sen University, School of Tourism Management, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2019-11-14 Revised:2020-03-16 Online:2020-05-20 Published:2020-07-20

摘要:

关系经济地理学是当前经济地理学界的主要流派之一,当前国内研究对该流派中的全球生产网络分析框架较为熟悉,但是对流派本身的认识不足。本文全面回顾了该流派的缘起、孕育、成型和深化拓展的历程,对存在问题展开评述。主要得到三个结论:① 关系经济地理有鲜明的地理学科特色,是全球化研究不可或缺的中坚力量,是提升经济地理学科地位的重要支撑。② 关系经济地理当前的理论模型存在体系复杂、变量过多的问题,同时核心解释变量缺乏完整的理论推导逻辑,依然需要靠案例来完善实证,而无法定量测度。③ 当前学者已经在国际期刊上基于中国实践进行理论修补与创新,为我们提供了良好的示范。本文为此评述了两个系列的研究,评述基于中国实践进行理论创新的方法和路径。本文有助于推动中国经济地理研究的国际化,对探讨中国经济发展实践经验的理论创新,有着积极的科学意义。

关键词: 关系经济地理, 全球生产网络, 嵌入性, 中国实践, 理论创新

Abstract:

Relational economic geography is one of the most influential schools of studies in economic geography. Many economic geographers of China have recognized and applied its key analytic framework, the alleged Global Production Network, whereas they have seldom tackled on the perspective of relational economic geography. By identifying this theoretical gap, this paper critically reviews the origin, development, formation and recent refinement of the school of relational economic geography. It has three major conclusions. First, this paper affirms that relational economic geography has salient geographical nature, though it deals with relation, and has become a core strand of studies in the research of economic globalization, regional development and industrial upgrading. It has positively improved the relevance of economic geography in various disciplines such as development studies, international political economy and management. Second, the existing problems of relational economic geography rest in the complexity of the analytic framework and research variables which include a lot of factors, process and mechanisms. The typology of strategic coupling, the central explanatory variable, is mainly derived from empirical observation and lacks of theoretical deduction. In the meantime, studies in this school so far still heavily rely on qualitative approaches, such as case studies, after forty years of development. Third, this paper argues that theorizing back based on China's reform and opening-up in the past forty years via the perspective of relational economic geography is quite innovative and valuable. To this vein, a few Chinese geographers have made great attempts and got publications in various decent international journals. This paper offers a critique on two series of studies to elaborate how to make theoretical contribution to relational economic geography based on China's experiences. One is related to the concept of embeddedness and firm-state relationship in the transitional institutional environment in China. The other is the investigation of strategic coupling in major regional economies in China. All these studies have shown great potentials of using China's experiences to revise and advance the western-origin theories in economic geography. This paper would have salient implications for improving international relevance of the economic geography of China, as well as theoretical innovation based on China's experiences.

Key words: relational economic geography, global production network, embeddedness, China's experiences, theoretical innovation