地理研究 ›› 2020, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (11): 2449-2465.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020200308

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

空间意义的叠写与地方认同——中国最后一个原始部落翁丁案例

郭文()   

  1. 南京农业大学人文与社会发展学院,南京 210095
  • 收稿日期:2020-04-13 修回日期:2020-06-12 出版日期:2020-11-20 发布日期:2021-01-19
  • 作者简介:郭文(1978-),男,山西临汾人,博士后,副教授,硕士生导师,研究方向为空间的生产、社会文化地理理论和新马克思主义地理。E-mail: guowen@njau.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41971186)

The superscription of spatial meaning and local identity of the last primitive tribe of Wengding village, China

GUO Wen()   

  1. College of Humanities and Social Development, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
  • Received:2020-04-13 Revised:2020-06-12 Online:2020-11-20 Published:2021-01-19

摘要:

近年来,空间意义的叠写与地方认同成为乡村旅游空间实践和乡村振兴中人们关注的焦点,这一新问题的出现对乡村空间实践中多元主体如何进行理性协商提出了新的诉求。以中国最后一个原始部落翁丁村“石头的遭遇”“权力的草坪”“搬迁新寨子”为分析对象,对旅游背景下翁丁空间意义的叠写与地方认同进行了剖析。认为:① 在增长全球化和全球本土化双向塑造的地理空间实践中,翁丁正经历着从“地方性空间”向“流动性空间”的转向,以旅游为媒介的流动性力量以及不同主体的空间诉求,正在重塑着翁丁社会文化和关系的空间生产。② 翁丁原生公共空间塑造的秩序具有集体意识,但目前空间意义的叠写带来了地方的差异化认同,地方正在从“自然式认同”转向“分裂式认同”,作为民族团结和认同结构优化的切入点,需要逐步过渡到以主体间性和民族间性为特征的“理解式认同”。③ 空间意义的叠写和地方认同的分裂容易引发多元主体间的价值取向之争和地方意义的虚无主义,为此需要积极形成空间道德实践的价值指引,以避免发生激进的乡村旅游空间实践现象。未来乡村旅游空间实践,应避免以一类主体掩饰另一类主体的情形出现,公共空间的人地关系、空间主体的构成方式、地方的可见性以及不同主体道德规范的协商、妥协与让渡,是新时代乡村旅游空间实践不能忽略的维度。

关键词: 流动性, 传统村落旅游发展, 空间实践, 意义叠写, 地方认同

Abstract:

As a traditional place, Wengding has experienced a rapid transformation from productivism to post productivism and from production space to mobile consumption space in recent years. In this process, Wengding is embedded in a series of time-space fracture and reconstruction process networks shaped by mobility, such as global and local, modern and traditional. The superscription of spatial meaning and local identity have become the focus of attention in the practice of rural tourism space. The emergence of this new problem puts forward a new demand for the rational consultation of multiple subjects in the practice of rural tourism space. This study takes Wengding, the last primitive tribe in China, as a case, and takes three cases of "encounter of stone", "lawn of power" and "relocation of new village" in the transformation of public space as the specific analysis object to analyze the overlap of spatial meaning and local identity of Wengding in the context of tourism. The research shows that Wengding village is experiencing a shift from "local space" to "mobile space" in the practice of growing globalization and global localization. The mobile power of tourism and the spatial demands of different subjects are reshaping the spatial production of social culture and relations in Wengding village. The superscription of Wengding's spatial meaning has brought about the local differential identity. Wengding is also changing from "natural identity" to "split identity". As the starting point of national unity and optimization of identity structure, the identity of villagers needs to gradually transit to "understanding identity" characterized by inter subjectivity and inter nationality. The superscription of spatial meaning and local split identity are likely to lead to the dispute of value orientation among multiple subjects, even the nihilism of local meaning. Therefore, we need to actively form the value guidance of spatial moral practice to avoid radical rural tourism spatial practice. In the future, the practice of rural tourism space should avoid the situation that one kind of subject conceals the other. The relationship between human and land in public space, the form of space subject, the visibility of place, and the negotiation, compromise and transfer of different subjects' moral norms are dimensions that cannot be ignored in the practice of rural tourism space in the new era.

Key words: mobility, traditional village tourism development, spatial practice, superscription of meaning, local identity