地理研究 ›› 2020, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (9): 2015-2028.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020200392

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粤港澳大湾区优化发展的关键要素特征及其功能升级

康蕾1(), 刘毅1,2,3   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京100101
    2.粤港澳大湾区战略研究院,广州 510070
    3.中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京100049
  • 收稿日期:2020-05-08 修回日期:2020-09-09 出版日期:2020-09-20 发布日期:2020-11-20
  • 作者简介:康蕾(1989-),女,山西大同人,博士,助理研究员,主要从事城市人地关系与区域可持续发展研究。E-mail: kanglei@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    粤港澳大湾区战略研究院建设专项(2019GDASYL-0202001);广东省科学院发展专项(2020GDASYL-20200102002);国家自然科学基金项目(41801114)

The key element characteristics of the optimized development and its function upgrade in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area

KANG Lei1(), LIU Yi1,2,3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, The Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Analysis and Simulation, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. The Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area Institute of Strategy Research, Guangzhou 510070, China
    3. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2020-05-08 Revised:2020-09-09 Online:2020-09-20 Published:2020-11-20

摘要:

城市群优化发展过程中往往伴随着产业结构的优化和升级、人口的转移及质量提升、创新能力的提升和深化。本文基于产业、人口、创新三大关键要素,以粤港澳大湾区为研究区域,以城市群发展关键要素功能升级的理论为依据,选取产业集群水平、人口流动情况、科创支撑力等代表性指标,采用定量测度、统计描述与定性分析相结合的方法,分析了当前粤港澳大湾区关键要素的功能现状及存在问题:产业层面,服务型经济集聚特征显现,但产业集群高级化程度不够;人口层面,大湾区具有较强的人口吸引力,但人才集聚性、高端化及国际化程度偏低;创新层面,大湾区具备一定的科创基础与活力,但原始创新能力不足。针对所面临的问题提出了高端制造业及生产性服务业培育、人才集聚功能强化、原始创新能力提升等关键要素功能升级路径,为促进粤港澳大湾区进一步优化发展,以及提升大湾区在全球经济中的竞争力提供一定的决策参考。

关键词: 产业, 人口, 创新, 关键要素, 功能升级, 粤港澳大湾区

Abstract:

The development of urban agglomerations are generally accompanied by the optimization and upgrading of industrial structure, population transfer and quality improvement, and the improvement and deepening of innovation capabilities. The Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area has attracted worldwide attention as the new engine of China's economy and an important growth pole that promotes global economic development. Based on the three key elements of industry, population, and innovation, this paper takes the Greater Bay Area as the research area, relying on the theory of the function upgrade of the key elements of urban agglomeration development, selects representative index of the level of industrial clusters, population mobility, and technological innovation support, uses quantitative measurement, statistical description, and qualitative analysis methods to analyze the current functional status and existing problems of key elements in the study area. At the industrial level, the service-oriented economy has a characteristic of agglomeration, but the degree of advanced industrial clusters is not enough. The Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area has not yet formed a number of high-end industrial clusters with distinctive regional characteristics and outstanding international competitiveness, including high-end producer services, high-tech manufacturing, and strategic emerging industries. At the demographic level, the Greater Bay Area has strong attractiveness, but the degree of talent concentration, high-end and internationalization is low and far below international standards. At the innovation level, the Greater Bay Area has a certain foundation and vitality for science and technology innovation, but the original innovation capabilities are insufficient. Especially, the relative lack of cutting-edge talents is also a constraint to the original highland creation in this region. In response to the existing problems, we propose a path to upgrade the functions of key elements such as the cultivation of high-end manufacturing and producer services, the enhancement of talent gathering functions, the improvement of talent flow guarantee mechanism, and the enhancement of original innovation capabilities. The suggestions in the paper should promote the further optimized development of the Greater Bay Area and provide certain decision-making reference for enhancing the influence and competitiveness of the bay areas in global economy.

Key words: industry, population, innovation, function upgrade, key element, the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area