地理研究 ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (1): 1-17.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020200614

• 专栏:高原科学与可持续发展 •    下一篇

青藏高原可持续发展研究进展

高卿(), 苗毅, 宋金平()   

  1. 北京师范大学地理科学学部,北京100875
  • 收稿日期:2020-07-03 接受日期:2020-09-07 出版日期:2021-01-10 发布日期:2021-03-10
  • 通讯作者: 宋金平
  • 作者简介:高卿(1995-),女,山东临沂人,硕士,主要研究方向为城市与区域规划。E-mail: sdpygq@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    第二次青藏高原综合科学考察研究专题“生态安全保障的地域功能类型与区划”(2019QZKK0406)

Research progress on the sustainable development of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau

GAO Qing(), MIAO Yi, SONG Jinping()   

  1. Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2020-07-03 Accepted:2020-09-07 Online:2021-01-10 Published:2021-03-10
  • Contact: SONG Jinping

摘要:

作为世界屋脊、亚洲水塔、地球第三极,青藏高原深刻地影响着国家和全球尺度的生态安全,其恶劣而敏感脆弱的自然环境也长期制约着当地的经济社会发展,故走可持续发展道路成为青藏高原兼顾经济社会发展与生态保护的必然要求。在此背景下,有必要对青藏高原可持续发展的相关研究成果进行总结梳理,促进相关研究转化为区域可持续发展进程中有针对性、可操作、能落地的政策参考。梳理相关文献发现,学者们对青藏高原可持续发展的研究经历了缓慢上升阶段、加速上升阶段、波动下降阶段及当前的新发展阶段,从系统间相互作用、实践、对策及评价等方面对青藏高原区域整体及各系统的可持续发展进行了丰富探究。但目前仍存在研究内容不够深入、研究视角不够全面和研究方法不够多元的问题,亟需从交叉学科视角利用多元研究方法对多尺度区域进行作用机制、影响因素等方面的深入研究,加深对青藏高原区域可持续发展的认识,总结和探究不同功能区可持续发展的路径,形成青藏高原可持续发展研究的基础理论框架。

关键词: 青藏高原, 可持续发展, 研究进展, 人地关系

Abstract:

The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, also known as the roof of the world, the water tower of Asia and the third pole of the earth, profoundly affects the ecological security at the national and global scales. But its harsh, sensitive and fragile natural environment has long been constraining local socio-economic development. It is an inevitable requirement for Qinghai-Tibet Plateau to take the path of sustainable development in order to balance the socio-economic development with ecological protection. In this context, it is necessary to summarize the relevant research results on the sustainable development of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau so as to promote the transformation of the relevant research into targeted, operable and implementable policy reference in the regional sustainable development. Therefore, this paper selects 1416 Chinese papers and 120 English papers related to the sustainable development of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau by conditional search based on the database of China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and Web of Science (WOS). And this paper uses the CiteSpace 5.7.R2 visualization software to carry out bibliometric analysis such as keyword co-occurrence network analysis and institutions cooperation network analysis based on these papers, and further thoroughly reviews the progress of related research. This paper finds that the study of the sustainable development of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau has experienced the slow rising stage (before 1999), the accelerated rising stage (1999-2009), the fluctuant decline stage (2009-2017) and the new development stage (after 2017). By combing the relevant research, it is also found that scholars have made a rich exploration on the sustainable development of the whole region and systems of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau from many aspects such as the interaction among systems, practices, countermeasures and evaluation. However, there are still some problems in the research content, the perspectives and the methods. There is an urgent need to make further research in the mechanisms and influencing factors of multi-scale regions from the interdisciplinary perspective with multiple research methods, deepen the understanding of the sustainable development of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, and summarize and explore the sustainable development paths of different function areas so as to build a basic theoretical framework for the study of the sustainable development of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.

Key words: Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, sustainable development, research progress, man-land relationship