地理研究 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (6): 1049-1069.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201806001

• 观点与争鸣 •    下一篇

如何回归地理学:我的思考与实践

刘云刚1(), 陆大道2, 保继刚1, 叶超3, 汤茂林4, 刘瑜5, 赵耀龙6, 冯章献7, 黄晓军8, 郝庆9, 黄耿志10, 王丰龙11, 魏宗财12, 王立13, 谢阳14, 钱丽芸15   

  1. 1. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广州 510275
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    3. 华东师范大学地理科学学院,上海 200062
    4. 南京师范大学地理科学学院,南京 210023
    5. 北京大学遥感与地理信息系统研究所,北京 100871
    6. 华南师范大学地理科学学院,广州 510631
    7. 东北师范大学地理科学学院,长春 130024
    8. 西北大学城市与环境学院,西安 710127
    9. 国土资源部资源环境承载力评价重点实验室,北京 101149
    10. 广州地理研究所,广州 510070
    11. 华东师范大学城市发展研究院,上海 200062
    12. 华南理工大学建筑学院,广州 510640
    13. 西南大学地理科学学院,重庆 400715
    14. 日本明治学院大学,东京 1088636
    15. 苏州大学社会学院,苏州 215123
  • 收稿日期:2018-03-15 修回日期:2018-05-15 出版日期:2018-06-10 发布日期:2018-06-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘云刚(1973- ),男,内蒙古呼和浩特人,教授,博士,主要研究方向为城市地理学、政治地理学、生活空间论。E-mail: liuyung@mail.sysu.edu.cn。其他作者为共同第二作者

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41571130,41271165);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金;中国西南地缘环境与边疆发展协同创新中心资助项目

How to revive geography: Our reflection and practice

Yungang LIU1(), Dadao LU2, Jigang BAO1, Chao YE3, Maolin TANG4, Yu LIU5, Yaolong ZHAO6, Zhangxian FENG7, Xiaojun HUANG8, Qing HAO9, Gengzhi HUANG10, Fenglong WANG11, Zongcai WEI12, Li WANG13, Yang XIE14, Liyun QIAN15   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Planning of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. School of Geographic Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    4. School of Geography Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, China
    5. Institute of Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    6. School of Geography, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
    7. Department of Geography , Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
    8. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Northwest University, Xi'an 710127, China
    9. The Key Laboratory of Resource Environmental Bearing Capacity Evaluation of Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing 101149, China
    10. Guangzhou Institute of Geography, Guangzhou 510070, China
    11. Institute of Urban Development and Research, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    12. School of Architecture, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, China
    13. School of Geographical Sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
    14. Meiji Gakuin University, Tokyo 1088636, Japan
    15. School of Sociology, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, Jiangsu, China
  • Received:2018-03-15 Revised:2018-05-15 Online:2018-06-10 Published:2018-06-10
  • About author:

    Author: Shi Zhenqin (1988-), PhD, specialized in regional development and land space management in mountain areas. E-mail: kevinszq@163.com

    *Corresponding author: Deng Wei (1957-), Professor, specialized in mountain environment and regional development.

    E-mail: dengwei@imde.ac.cn

摘要:

地理学是一门古老的学科,也是一门不断发展变化的学科,尤其在中国,近30年来地理学的发展日新月异。然而,伴随着分支学科越来越多,对地理学的认知也出现了不少困惑。从地理学一级学科建设和学术共同体培育的角度,亟需寻找地理学发展的“共识”,探讨地理学共同体的定义。为此,对地理学充满热爱之情的老中青三代地理学者,对如何推动统一地理学建设提出了各自的见解。这些见解中的共识大体可提炼为以下几点:① 教学上,加强对地理学综合知识体系的传授,加强对地理学调查研究方法的训练;② 研究上,加强对地理学研究范式的总结,加强对“地”的综合解释和理论方法方面的融合与突破;③ 学科发展上,加强区域地理学的建设,加强对国家和地方需求的回馈,彰显地理学的贡献。期待通过学界的共同努力,带动地理学共同体的日益壮大。

关键词: 地理学共同体, 自然地理, 人文地理, GIS, 区域地理, 综合性, 区域性

Abstract:

Geography is an ancient discipline, yet it is also continuously evolving. Especially in China, geography has been developing rapidly in the past 30 years. However, with the emergence of more and more branches and sub-disciplines, we are facing increasing confusions about geography. For the consideration of construction of geography discipline and its academic community, we are in an urgent need to find a "consensus" on the development of geography and explore the definition of geography community. To this end, we organized a series of workshops and conferences last year to provide a platform for different generations of geographers to express their opinions on how to promote the development of geography in China. This article is a summary of the viewpoints based on the recordings of the conference. In general, several consensuses have been reached as follows: (1) In teaching, we should enhance the comprehensiveness of courses of geography and strengthen the training of methods for geographical investigation and research; (2) In academic research, we should strengthen the summary of the paradigms in geography, provide more comprehensive explanations of "geo" and accelerate the integration and innovation in geographical theories and methods; (3) In disciplinary development, we should highlight the construction of regional geography, emphasize the national and local needs in policy-making, and demonstrate the contribution of geography. We hope that with our joint efforts, both the discipline and community of Chinese geography will be growing stronger in the future.

Key words: geographical community, physical geography, human geography, GIS, regional geography, comprehensiveness, locality