地理研究 ›› 1993, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (3): 1-9.doi: 10.11821/yj1993030001

• 论文 •    下一篇

利用旱涝县次建立历史时期旱涝指数序列的试验*

郑景云, 张丕远, 周玉孚   

  1. 中国科学院、国家计划委员会地理研究所
  • 收稿日期:1992-06-10 修回日期:1993-03-22 出版日期:1993-09-15 发布日期:1993-09-15
  • 基金资助:
    * 国家自然科学基金

A NEW APPROACH OF RECONSTRUCTING THE DRYNESS/WETNESS INDEX ERIES IN CHINA DURING HISTORICAL TIMES BY USING THE NUMBER OF DROUGHT/FLOOD COUNTIES

Zheng Jingyun, Zhang Peiyuan, Zhou Yufu   

  1. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences and State Planning Commission of the People's Republic of China
  • Received:1992-06-10 Revised:1993-03-22 Online:1993-09-15 Published:1993-09-15

摘要: 本文利用27万条自然灾害史料记载,整理出我国东部及南部85个地区的受灾县次记录,分析了这些记录的可靠性,建立了这些地区1471—1950年的旱涝指数序列,并以北京地区为例,详细说明了利用旱涝县次建立旱涝指数序列的过程,分析了这种方法的可靠性。

关键词: 旱涝县次, 旱涝指数, 序列, 可靠性

Abstract: In this paper,the numbers of the damaged counties(especially for Drought/Flood counties) are extracted from the historical materials in Chian during historical times, and the reliability of them are described. In general, the materials about the number of Drought/Flood counties can be considered as quantitative information of climate.And so, to reconstruct the Dryness/Wetness index series by using these materials, the comprehensive error of the series can be avioded better than by using the description about disasters in historical documents. To show the process of reconstrcting Dryness/Wetness index series by the number of Drought/Flood counties, a case of Beijing is described, and the reliability is discussed.

Key words: Historical times, The Number of Drought/Flood counties, Dryness/Wetness index, Series, Reliability