地理研究 ›› 1993, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (3): 89-99.doi: 10.11821/yj1993030012
• 论文 •
Abstract: Off-farm employment or transformation of rural labour force from traditional agriculture to non-agriculture and to city or town is an inevitable phenomenon associating with the economic development that has to be resolved in time.West Sichuan is located in the inner mainland of China, being a part of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau inhabited by minority nationnlities with backward economic condition. The total population in the area covering 306500km2 is only about 6 millions with low population density, but it holds more quantities of natural resources in per capita than that of the whole country. The rate of population with non-agricultural identification is low and urbanization is undeveloped. High rate of rural surplus labour force is existing there and most labour forces are engaged in rural area an dagriculture while employment rate of off-farm activities is low for its underdeveloped non-agricultural industries, Most of off-farm employees are engaged in'heavy industry and raw material indusustry, Underemployment is a common form where labour force surplus remains. More multi-jobs keepers who do job in both off-farm and farm in the same period and staying in countryside show off-farm dmployment primitively. There was short history for developing off-farm industry and the speed of transformation from agriculture to non-agriculture is still low.For expanding more employment opportunities, the basic way is to accelerate the regional economic development. So it is necessary to develop more industry, rural enterprises, and the tertiary industry based on its abundant natural resources also needs to construct more commerce agricultural bases and agricultural product processings. Meanwhile it is important to change the natural ecomomic idea kept in the inhabitants into market idea and competitive idea. To control population quantity increasing and improve population quality is important as well as to speed universal education. To stimulate off-farm industry development we should make effort to develop cities and towns so as to absorb rural labour force. Finally we should emphasize labour force in institution and managenment for exchanging information, technical training, labour force marketing and labour force exporting.
population with nonagricultural identification,
陈国阶. 川西地区劳动就业研究[J]. 地理研究, 1993, 12(3): 89-99.
Chen Guojie. A STUDY ON LABOUR FORCE EMPLOYMENT IN WEST SICHUAN[J]. GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH, 1993, 12(3): 89-99.
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