地理研究 ›› 1997, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (1): 68-76.doi: 10.11821/yj1997010009

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

刍议太行八陉及其历史变迁

王尚义   

  1. 山西省教育学院地理系, 太原030031
  • 收稿日期:1996-05-27 修回日期:1996-11-29 出版日期:1997-03-15 发布日期:1997-03-15

A BRIEF DISCUSSION ON THE EIGHT TAIHANG PASSAGES AND THEIR VICISSITUDES IN THE HISTORY

Wang Shangyi   

  1. Shanxi Education college, Taiyuan 030031
  • Received:1996-05-27 Revised:1996-11-29 Online:1997-03-15 Published:1997-03-15

摘要: 太行八陉是太行山脉的八条自然通道,由南至北依次为轵关陉、太行陉、白陉、滏口陉、井陉、飞孤陉、蒲阴陉、军都陉。历史时期太行八陉以其特殊的地理位置和自然险要起过重要作用。太行八陉是古代战争的必争之地,战争又促进了交通的发展,因而,太行八陉由关隘驿站逐步拓展为今日交通之干线直至高速公路。太行八陉由其地貌型态孕育出来的自然景点,拟以人文色彩,与已开发的名胜古迹相融合,形成有较高价值的旅游、观赏和疗养资源,将这些资源进行科学地规划与开发具有重要意义。

关键词: 太行八陉, 变迁

Abstract: The eight Taihang Passages are natural passages through Taihang Mountains. From south to north, they are in the order of Zhiguan Passage, Taihang Passage, White Passage, Fukou Passage, Jing Passage, Feigu Passage, Puyin Passage, and Jundu Passage successively. In the history, the eight Taihang passages played an improtant role bacause of their special geographical positions and tenable defence positions. From the pre-Qin days to Qing Dynasty, wars broke out constantly here. Although the dynasties shifted rapidly, it was always a anational policy to stabilize the state by relying on the strategical positions of Taihang Mountains and building passes there, According to their locations, the eight Taihang Passages were divided into two groups-four passage. in the north and another four in the south. Before the Song Dynasty, the country's political centers were distributed in Changan, Luoyang, Kaifeng, and Ye, and at that time occupying the four passages in the south was believed to help "uniting the states". Since the Song Dynasty, the politcal center was moved to Beijing and holding another four passages in the north would "stabilizing the country". The eight Taihang passages had a prize in ancient wars, and in turn the wars promoted the development of transportation. Therefore, the eight Taihang Passages, the passes and post stations in old days, were changed into today' s main lines of transportation, or even highways. Moreover, the eight Taihang Passages are also natural sightes given birth to by their landforms and endowed with human characters. These sights. together with a hundred or so historic sites developed in this area, have become the highly valuable resources of tourism, admiration and recuperation. It is clear that the planning and developing of these resources are of great improtance.

Key words: The eight taihang passages, vicissitudes

  • K928.6