地理研究 ›› 1998, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (1): 10-16.doi: 10.11821/yj1998010003

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苏北岸外辐射沙洲王港西洋潮流通道稳定性研究*

尤坤元, 朱大奎, 王雪瑜, 孙亚梅, 周旅复, 马仲荃   

  1. 南京大学海岸与海岛开发国家试点实验室 南京 210008
  • 收稿日期:1997-06-09 修回日期:1997-12-31 出版日期:1998-03-15 发布日期:1998-03-15
  • 作者简介:尤坤元,男,1941年3月生,副教授.从事海洋沉积地貌、微古研究,曾发表"Modern sedimentation rate in the vicinity of Changjiang estuary and on adjacent continental shelf."、"海南岛洋浦湾和三亚湾底质中有孔虫的研究"等论文。
  • 基金资助:
    *国家自然科学基金重点项目(49236120);自然科学基金(49671071);南京大学现代分析中心测试基金(DL-5)

THE STABILITY ANALYSIS OF XIYANG TIDAL CHANNEL IN RADIAL SUBMARINE SAND RIDGES ALONG NORTH JIANGSU

You Kunyuan, Zhu Dakui, Wang Xueyu, Sun Yamei, Zhou Lufu, Ma Zhongquan   

  1. State Pilot Laboratory of Coast & Island Exploitation, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210008
  • Received:1997-06-09 Revised:1997-12-31 Online:1998-03-15 Published:1998-03-15

摘要: 在粉砂淤泥海岸,利用潮流通道建港,稳定性是一个首要问题。该文首先分析了西洋潮流通道的环境背景,然后根据实测资料,利用多种方法,包括地理息信系统、遥感研究、沉积物粒度、矿物、微体及水文泥沙资料分析等对西洋的稳定性作了综合研究,认为,西洋通道特别是其西水道是一条稳定性好的潮流通道。

关键词: 辐射沙洲, 西洋潮流通道, 稳定性研究

Abstract: The study on the stability is a first problem in costruction of harbour on the tidal channel in the mud-silt coast.In this paper, environmental background of Xiyang tidal channel is firstly analysed, then based on the data from the practical investigation, the stability of Xiyang tidal channel is comprehensively studied using manifold analysis methods including: GIS, remote sensing, sediments (grain size, mineral and foraminifera), marine hydrodynamic conditions and so on.Based on the above works, the conclusions drawn are as follows: 1.Xiyang tidal channel, located between Wanggang coast tending gradually to stable and radial submarine sand ridges under a dynamic equilibrium state, has an environmental background beneficial to its stability.After the loss of a great deal of sediments directly from the Huanghe River in 1855, Xiyang channel began extending, widening and deepening southwards.2.The tide in Xiyang channel is strong, with a maximum tidal velocity of more than 2 50 m/s.Ebb current velocity is generally larger than flood current velocity.The net transport of sediment by tidal current is mainly towards the outside of Xiyang channel.The hydrodynamic conditions in Xiyang channel are favorable to maintaining water depth of the channel.3.Overall, Xiyang tidal channel is under the stable condition, but the stability of different parts in Xiyang channel is a little bit different.The south mouth of the east channel is the least stable in Xiyang channel, but the west channel, especially its south deep trough, is more stable.

Key words: radial submarine sand ridges, Xiyang tidal channel, stability analysis

PACS: 

  • P737.1