地理研究 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (1): 145-153.doi: 10.11821/yj2010010015

• 土地资源与利用 • 上一篇    下一篇

农村居民点用地整理的分区评价——以河北省为例

刘玉1,2, 刘彦随1, 王介勇1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2009-02-08 修回日期:2009-06-15 出版日期:2010-01-20 发布日期:2010-01-20
  • 通讯作者: 刘彦随(1965-),男,陕西绥德人,研究员,博士生导师。主要从事土地利用、农业与农村发展研究。发表论文160 余篇,出版著作9部。E-mail:liuys@igsnrr.ac.cn E-mail:liuys@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:刘玉(1982-),男,河北石家庄人,博士生,研究方向为土地利用、区域农业与农村发展。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金重点项目(40635029);中国博士后科学基金资助(20090460408)

Zoning and evaluation of rural residential land consolidation: A case of Hebei Province

LIU Yu1,2, LIU Yan-sui1, WANG Jie-yong1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2009-02-08 Revised:2009-06-15 Online:2010-01-20 Published:2010-01-20

摘要:

农村居民点用地整理是新农村建设的重要内容。深入开展区域范围内待整理农村居民点分区研究,对于指导农村居民点用地的有序整理具有重要现实意义。以河北省136个县(市)为研究单元,选取农村居民点用地自然条件、区域经济实力和整理迫切度等8个指标,构建了农村居民点用地整理分区评价指标体系,利用熵值法确定权重,计算农村居民点整理的综合评价值。进一步基于人均农村居民点用地和综合评价分值,运用层次筛选法将研究区划分为优先整理区、重点整理区、适度整理区、生态型整理区和优化调整区。农村居民点整理分区,可为制定农村土地整理规划以及确定、实施土地整理项目提供决策依据。

关键词: 农村居民点整理, 熵值法, 整理分区, 新农村建设, 河北省

Abstract:

Rural residential land consolidation is one of the most important parts in new countryside construction. In rural residential land consolidation, it is of great practical significance to develop a deep regionalization research into rural residential land arrangement. Taking the 136 counties of Hebei as research units, this thesis zones the rural residential land based on level screening method. First, according to the differences of natural conditions, regional economy strength and the desire to land consolidation, eight factors are selected to construct the evaluation index system in zoning the rural residential land consolidation. Then, entropy method and comprehensive evaluation model are employed to attain the weights and the assessment values respectively. Finally, five types, including prior consolidation area, key consolidation area, moderate consolidation area, ecological consolidation area and optimization leveling area, come into being based on the status of rural residential land per capita and the comprehensive assessment values. For prior consolidation area, the desire to land consolidation is the highest thanks to its favorable geographical location and advanced economy, and its suitable consolidation model is population concentration, industrial agglomeration, and scale land use. For key consolidation Ⅰarea and moderate consolidation area, agriculture is the first priority for consolidated land, while for key consolidation Ⅱ area and ecological consolidation area, ecological environment should receive special attention. As to the optimal consolidation area, countermeasures in controlling the trend of village hollowing are a matter of the utmost importance. The method employed in this paper will provide a scientific basis for land consolidation planning, the setting of land consolidation project and the implementation of land consolidation.

Key words: rural residential land consolidation, entropy method, zoning of land consolidation, new countryside construction, Hebei Province