地理研究 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (1): 61-70.doi: 10.11821/yj2011010006

• 城市与乡村 • 上一篇    下一篇

住宅郊区化背景下门禁社区与周边邻里关系——以广州丽江花园为例

封丹1, Werner Breitung1, 朱竑1,2   

  1. 1. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广州 510275;
    2. 华南师范大学地理科学学院,广州 510631
  • 收稿日期:2010-04-13 修回日期:2010-08-28 出版日期:2011-01-20 发布日期:2011-01-20
  • 通讯作者: 朱竑,男,教授,博士生导师,主要从事文化地理和历史地理研究。E-mail: zhuh@ scnu.edu.cn. E-mail:zhuh@ scnu.edu.cn.
  • 作者简介:封丹(1982-), 女, 江苏泰州人,博士研究生,主要从事文化地理和城市发展研究。 E-mail: fengdan111@qq.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目 (40771067);German Research Council(BR 3546/1-2)

Space of fragmentation: A study of the linkages between gated communities and their neighborhoods in Guangzhou, China

FENG Dan1, Werner Breitung1, ZHU Hong1,2   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China;
    2. School of Geography, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
  • Received:2010-04-13 Revised:2010-08-28 Online:2011-01-20 Published:2011-01-20

摘要: 作为"破碎城市"的典型表征,西方学者对门禁社区持负面态度,然而门禁社区在不同区域的出现受制于当地的社会文化要素,并可能对当地产生不同的影响。本文试图探讨在中国特殊的社会文化背景下,门禁社区与周边社会经济地位较低邻里的联系和社会关系,并通过分析门禁社区居民的活动范围和围墙内外居民彼此间的态度和社会交往来探讨门禁社区的影响。以广州番禺南浦岛丽江花园为案例地,结合问卷调查、深度访谈和参与式观察等研究方法,研究发现:与南非、阿根廷等国家不同的是,我国门禁社区与周边邻里存在功能性互动,并未给周边邻里造成被隔离和被歧视的心理,地理空间上的临近性反而为不同阶层和不同生活背景的居民之间的相互了解、融合和沟通提供了机会和可能。

关键词: 门禁社区, 郊区化, 社会隔离, 广州

Abstract: The rise of gated communities has become a global phenomenon with the appearance both in developed countries such as North American and European countries and in Asia, Latin America, South America, and South Africa. Accordingly, discussion about this type of private communities has been largely inspired by observations in various cities worldwide. Most of the insights towards gated communities are negative, regarding them as urban enclaves and relating this spatial fragmentation to residential segregation and social exclusion. However, due to different social and cultural backgrounds, the implications and consequences of gated communities in different places may not be exhibited in the same way. Local experience seems to be of great significance to the debate on the social effects of gated communities. The emergence of gated communities in China is a relatively nascent urban phenomenon even though enclosed housing compounds have cultural roots in China's history. Against the context of urban sprawl, gated communities invade into rural areas of China, co-standing to mix with traditional villages. Through a case study of a neighborhood named Lijiang Garden in the suburban Panyu District in Guangzhou, this paper explores the relationship between residents of gated communities and outsiders, addressing the material connections of gated community in suburban area of China to the outside world, conceptions and attitudes of residents living in both sides towards each other, exploring social contacts between them, in order to examine the impacts of gated communities on local areas. The empirical study revealed that the physical existence of wall does not mean gated community which can be seen as enclave in China since the functional connections and social contacts can be observed between gated community and its poorer neighborhood. Furthermore, the perceptions and attitudes towards each other are not negative, especially the outsiders of gated communities in China have not, psychologically, been segregated by the new walls, so that little negative impacts of gated communities are perceived in the suburban districts of urban China. Thought sharing certain similarities, the findings in China challenge the prevalent view of gated communities worldwide. It is demonstrated that gated communities should be investigated by considering specific local economic, cultural and political contexts.

Key words: gated communities, segregation, Guangzhou, China