地理研究 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (5): 814-826.doi: 10.11821/yj2011050005

• 经济与区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国省际边缘区产业集群的网络特征和形成机理——以安徽省宁国市耐磨铸件产业集群为例

韩玉刚, 焦华富, 李俊峰   

  1. 安徽师范大学国土资源与旅游学院, 安徽 芜湖 241003
  • 收稿日期:2010-11-16 修回日期:2011-03-12 出版日期:2011-05-20 发布日期:2011-05-20
  • 通讯作者: 焦华富(1962-),男,安徽黄山人,教授,博士生导师,主要从事城市经济与经济地理的研究与教学。E-mail: jiaohuafu@263.net E-mail:jiaohuafu@263.net
  • 作者简介:韩玉刚(1978-),男,河南固始人,博士研究生,主要从事城市地理与城市经济的研究工作。E-mail:hyg1005@mail.ahnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    教育部人文社会科学研究项目(10YJA790083);安徽省哲学社会科学规划项目(AHSK09-10D89)

Mechanism and network characteristics of industrial cluster in provincial border regions of China: A case study of wear-resisting casting industrial cluster in Ningguo of Anhui Province

HAN Yu-gang, JIAO Hua-fu, LI Jun-feng   

  1. College of Territorial Resources and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241003, Anhui, China
  • Received:2010-11-16 Revised:2011-03-12 Online:2011-05-20 Published:2011-05-20

摘要: 产业集群内部企业网络研究,是认识集群形成规律的重要基础。本文基于企业问卷调查数据,运用社会网络分析方法和边界效应理论,通过建立社会网络评价指标体系,对皖浙省际边缘区宁国市耐磨铸件产业集群的企业网络特征和形成机理进行了实证分析,研究发现:(1)衍生网络表现出单中心低密度的结构特征,说明集群企业"同宗"现象明显,种子企业衍生功能强;合作网络表现出多中心中密度的结构特征,说明企业联系网络处于成长期,企业间的合作层次较低;创新网络表现出单中心特征,说明种子企业是集群的"技术领袖",企业间技术创新联系弱。(2)宁国市耐磨铸件产业集群的形成机理,是边界效应从屏蔽向中介作用转化过程中,集群外部产业环境优化、关键行动者群体行为强化、集群内部知识存量增加三者共同作用的结果。

关键词: 网络结构, 产业集群, 省际边缘区, 宁国市

Abstract: Researches on the interior enterprise network of industrial cluster is an important basis for understanding its forming law. Based on the survey data of enterprises' questionnaires, by applying the boundary effect theory and social network analysis, this article established a social network evaluation index system to make an empirical analysis of characteristics of enterprises' network and the mechanism of wear-resisting casting industrial cluster in Ningguo, one of the provincial border regions between Anhui and Zhejiang. Results can be obtained as follows. (1) The enterprise derivative network structure presents features of single-center and low-density, which states that "the same clan" phenomenon is obvious in industrial cluster and the derivative function of the seed enterprise is strong; the cooperation network's structure is featured by multi-center and medium-density, which illustrates that the enterprises' relational network is in its growing period and the level of their cooperation is low. The innovation network shows a characteristic of single-center, which indicates that the seed enterprise is the "technical leader" in the industrial cluster and the contacts of their technical innovation are weak. (2) The formation mechanism of the wear-resisting casting industrial cluster in Ningguo is the outcome of combined action of the optimized exterior industrial environment of the cluster, the strengthening of the key actor colonies' behavior and the increase of the knowledge stock in the cluster during the process in which the boundary effect transforms from shielding effects to intervening effects.

Key words: network architecture, industrial clusters, provincial border-regions, Ningguo