地理研究 ›› 2013, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (4): 683-690.doi: 10.11821/yj2013040011

• 城市与社区研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

国家主体功能区战略背景下东北地区城市经济增长的动力与路径——基于城市暂住人口视角

刘正桥1,2, 王良健1   

  1. 1. 湖南大学经济与贸易学院, 长沙410079;
    2. 湖南涉外经济学院商学院, 长沙410205
  • 收稿日期:2012-06-15 修回日期:2013-02-04 出版日期:2013-04-10 发布日期:2013-04-10
  • 通讯作者: 王良健(1964- ),男,湖南双峰人,教授,博导,主要从事区域经济与土地经济研究工作。E-mail:wangliangjian1234@126.com E-mail:wangliangjian1234@126.com
  • 作者简介:刘正桥(1977- ),男,湖南双峰人,讲师,博士研究生,主要研究方向为区域经济与城市规划。E-mail:hnlzq0731@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家社会科学基金项目(11BJY007,12BGL102);教育部人文社会科学规划项目(12YJC790129);湖南大学985工程“两型社会创新基地”项目

The impetus and path of economic growth for cities in Northeast China under the background of major function zones:From the perspective of urban transient population

LIU Zhengqiao1,2, WANG Liangjian1   

  1. 1. College of Economics and Trade, Hunan University, Changsha 410079, China;
    2. Business Department, Hunan International Economics University, Changsha 410205, China
  • Received:2012-06-15 Revised:2013-02-04 Online:2013-04-10 Published:2013-04-10

摘要: 经济、人口、资源与环境的协调发展是新型城市化战略的核心,也是国家主体功能区规划的重要内容。鉴于各类主体功能区在东北地区并存,考察其经济增长与城市化开发路径,可为全国提供较好借鉴。以东北地区城市暂住人口为切入点,探讨了城市暂住人口与经济增长相互影响的作用机制,进而构建暂住人口与经济增长联立方程,并使用东北地区34个地级城市的面板数据进行实证分析,考量以暂住人口吸纳与承载能力为标志的城市化潜力与经济增长的动力。研究表明:在国家主体功能区战略背景下,需充分尊重和考虑东北地区各类开发区域与城市的经济、社会、自然与生态状况,应通过中心城市产业结构调整、生态功能区人口迁出等途径进行集中均衡式的城市化开发,积极加快推进基本公共服务均等化和城市内部基础设施完善。

关键词: 主体功能区, 暂住人口, 经济增长, 产业结构, 面板数据, 东北地区

Abstract: The coordinated development of economy and population,resources and environment is a key point in the urbanization of China,as well as one of the important parts in the planning of major function zones.Since four types of development zones(optimized development zones,key development zones,restricted development zones,non-development zones)co-exist in Northeast China,to study the path and energy for economic growth and urbanization could offer a good reference for the whole nation. This paper,taking the temporary population as the breakthrough point,analyses the mechanism of interaction between economic growth and temporary population,and then constructs a set of simultaneous equations for economic growth and temporary population, using panel data from 34 cities in Northeast China,in order to get a better understanding of the relationship between economic growth and temporary population,which could be regarded as the absorption and bearing capacity of urbanization in this region.This study indicates that under the background of planning of major function zones,the urbanization of Northeast China should develop according to the economic,social,natural and ecological conditions.The industrial restructuring in central cities and the migration of population from restricted development zones and non-development zones to key development zones will offer a good way for centralized and balanced urbanization.The development of service industry in central cities will help to enhance the absorption and bearing capacity for economic development and population growth.Besides,it is essential to promote the equalization of basic public service and consummate infrastructure of inner cities positively.

Key words: The planning of major function zones, temporary population, economic growth, industrial restructuring, panel data, Northeast China