地理研究 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (3): 473-479.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201803002

• 专论与综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

创新从土地类型到自然区划综合研究——倪绍祥先生的地理学思想与学术贡献

刘彦随()   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2017-11-08 修回日期:2017-11-25 出版日期:2018-03-15 发布日期:2018-04-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘彦随(1965- ),男,陕西绥德人,研究员,博士生导师,研究方向为城乡发展与土地利用。E-mail:liuys@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41130748)

A comprehensive study of innovation from land type to physical regionalization: The geographical thought and academic contribution of Ni Shaoxiang

Yansui LIU()   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2017-11-08 Revised:2017-11-25 Online:2018-03-15 Published:2018-04-25
  • About author:

    Author: Shi Zhenqin (1988-), PhD, specialized in regional development and land space management in mountain areas. E-mail: kevinszq@163.com

    *Corresponding author: Deng Wei (1957-), Professor, specialized in mountain environment and regional development.

    E-mail: dengwei@imde.ac.cn

摘要:

倪绍祥先生1939年6月生于江苏省无锡市。1964年本科毕业于北京大学地质地理系,1967年硕士毕业于华东师范大学地理系。曾在南京大学任教10余年,1983-1985年赴英国吕丁大学地理系进修遥感与土地资源。1994-2016年在南京师范大学地理科学学院任教。在50多年的科学研究与教育生涯中,倪先生矢志不渝、学贯东西、开拓创新,在自然地理学、遥感地学分析、自然资源评价等方面取得了丰硕成果和杰出成就。他先后主持或参加国家、部委及地方重点科研项目10余项,荣获教育部科技进步奖、江苏省科技进步奖、原国家土地管理局科技进步奖、江苏省哲学社会科学优秀成果奖、全国首届优秀地理图书奖等多项奖励,被授予“中国自然资源学会优秀科技工作者”“江苏省优秀科技工作者”“江苏省普通高校优秀学科带头人”“江苏省优秀研究生导师”等荣誉称号。倪先生从事地理学研究的学术思想与成就,主要归纳为土地类型与土地评价研究、资源利用与保护研究、环境遥感与草地蝗虫研究、综合自然地理研究等4个方面,为创新发展中国土地资源科学、综合自然地理学研究及专业学科建设、人才培养、学术交流做出了重要贡献。

关键词: 倪绍祥, 地理学思想, 学术贡献, 土地类型与评价, 综合自然地理学

Abstract:

Prof. Ni Shaoxiang was born in Wuxi city, Jiangsu province in June 1939. He attained his bachelor's degree from the Department of Geology and Geography, Peking University in 1964, and his master's degree from the Department of Geography, East China Normal University in 1967. He was an outstanding geographer who enjoyed great national reputation in the scientific community. He worked as a teacher at Nanjing University for more than 10 years, and pursued his study on remote sensing and land resources at the Department of Geography, Reading University in 1983-1985. From 1994 to 2016, he engaged in teaching at the Faculty of Geography, Nanjing Normal University. In more than 50 years of scientific research and education career, Prof. Ni has made remarkable achievements in various fields of geography, including natural geography, geo-analysis of remote sensing, and natural resources evaluation, through unswerving work, extensive study and pioneering research. He has presided over or participated in more than 10 national, ministerial and local key research projects, and won multiple prizes including Scientific and Technological Advancement Award by the Ministry of Education, Scientific and Technological Advancement Award by Jiangsu province, Scientific and Technological Advancement Award by the former State Bureau of Land Administration, Philosophy and Social Science Outstanding Achievement Award by Jiangsu province, and National Award for Outstanding Geography Book. He was also awarded the Outstanding Scientific and Technological Workers of China Society of Natural Resources, the Outstanding Scientific and Technological Workers of Jiangsu province, the Excellent Subject Leader of Universities in Jiangsu province, the Excellent Postgraduate Supervisor of Jiangsu province, etc. The geographical academic thought and achievement of Prof. Ni can be summarized in four aspects: land type and land evaluation, resource utilization and protection, environment remote sensing and grassland locust, and integrated physical geography. He has made great contributions to the discipline construction, personal training, and academic exchange of China's land resources science and integrated physical geography.

Key words: Ni Shaoxiang, geographical thought, academic contribution, land type and evaluation, integrated physical geography