地理研究 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (7): 1447-1459.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201807015

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产业集群的地方嵌入与全球生产网络链接——以上海文化创意产业园区为例

何金廖1,2(), 黄贤金2(), 司月芳3   

  1. 1. 华东师范大学城市发展研究院,上海 200062
    2.南京大学地理与海洋科学学院,人文地理研究中心,南京 210093
    3. 华东师范大学城市与区域科学学院,上海 200062
  • 收稿日期:2018-01-31 修回日期:2018-05-14 出版日期:2018-07-30 发布日期:2018-08-03
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:何金廖(1983- ),男,湖南邵阳人,研究员,博士生导师,主要从事经济地理与城市地理研究。 E-mail: heliu2009cn@hotmail.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41701180)

Local embeddedness and global production network of industrial clusters: Case study of the cultural creative districts in Shanghai

Jinliao HE1,2(), Xianjin HUANG2(), Yuefang SI3   

  1. 1. Institute of Urban Development and Research, Shanghai 200062, China
    2. Research Center of Human Geography, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
    3. School of Urban & Regional Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China;
  • Received:2018-01-31 Revised:2018-05-14 Online:2018-07-30 Published:2018-08-03
  • About author:

    Author: Shi Zhenqin (1988-), PhD, specialized in regional development and land space management in mountain areas. E-mail: kevinszq@163.com

    *Corresponding author: Deng Wei (1957-), Professor, specialized in mountain environment and regional development.

    E-mail: dengwei@imde.ac.cn

摘要:

以全球生产网络理论为基础,通过问卷调查和深度访谈法,再现了上海创意产业集群在地方—区域—全球三个不同地理维度的产业链接网络结构和联系强度,运用三角坐标法分别考察上海创意产业在劳动力市场、外部供给、消费市场、合作关系四个产业链环节的地方嵌入性和全球链接性,探讨学习和创新网络的重要作用。研究结果显示:首先,上海创意产业集群在各个产业链环节都表现出很强的地方黏性,尤其是在地方劳动力市场方面,上海创意产业集群的地方嵌入性最为显著。其次,上海创意产业集群的外部链接存在异质性,其中技术类创意部门与文化类创意部门在劳动力市场、消费市场和合作关系等方面均表现出较大差异,本文从知识分化视角出发对以上异质性进行了解释。最后,总结了上海创意产业集群全球生产网络的基本特征及其地方—全球互动关系,为揭示中国大都市地区文化创意产业集群的地方嵌入和全球网络形成机理提供了详实的案例分析。

关键词: 创意产业集群, 全球生产网络, 地方—全球互动;, 上海

Abstract:

The recent emergence of creative industries in Shanghai received much attention from policy and urban studies. Previous literature concentrated primarily on local cluster policy and the association with urban regeneration, while the embeddedness to what extent creative clusters in Shanghai are linked with different geographical levels of market has yet been fully understood. This paper aims to examine the structure of economic linkages of highly agglomerated creative clusters in Shanghai from the perspective of global production networks (GPNs) theory. By GPNs, both local and non-local forces are taken into account through an examination of the value-chains of production and consumption, namely labor market, external supply of intermediate inputs, customers, firms, and collaborators. Results show that the creative clusters in Shanghai are globally embedded into multi-scale markets. First, there is an evident tendency towards localization in every branch of linkages, especially in the labor market and external supply sides. Whereas, the international interactions are strongly observed in the consumption and collaboration sides, such as culture media and R&D industries. In addition, foreign collaboration in the operation of the creative economy in Shanghai is particularly significant because of their interdependent and complimentary relationship. This study also provides an important reference to reveal the mechanism of the formation of GPNs and local embeddedness of creative clusters in the metropolitan areas of China.

Key words: creative industry clusters, global production networks, local-global interaction, Shanghai