地理研究 ›› 2014, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (6): 1059-1072.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201406007

• 水文与水资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

山岳型旅游地水资源系统安全评价——以黄山风景区为例

王群, 陆林, 杨兴柱   

  1. 安徽师范大学国土资源与旅游学院, 旅游发展与规划研究中心, 芜湖 241002
  • 收稿日期:2013-11-23 修回日期:2014-03-26 出版日期:2014-06-10 发布日期:2014-06-10
  • 作者简介:王群(1979-),女,安徽合肥人,副教授,主要从事旅游环境与生态研究。E-mail:junyang110771@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41201149)

Security assessment of water resources system for mountain resorts based on set pair analysis:A case study of Huangshan

WANG Qun, LU Lin, YANG Xingzhu   

  1. Research Center of Tourism Planning and Development, College of Territorial Resources and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241002, Anhui, China
  • Received:2013-11-23 Revised:2014-03-26 Online:2014-06-10 Published:2014-06-10

摘要: 以黄山风景区为案例地,基于1998-2012 年15 年间的水资源与旅游发展相关数据,运用集对分析法,从扰动性和应对能力两个层面建立评价指标体系,对其年际及月际水资源系统安全态势进行评价。结果表明:① 15 年间,黄山风景区年际水资源系统安全性综合指数总体处于中等水平,并呈现逐年上升趋势;② 月际水资源系统安全性平均指数虽总体也处于中等水平,但存在月际差异,大体呈“双峰双谷”型;③ 年际系统安全性与扰动性指数、应对能力指数呈现出显著的正相关关系。月际系统安全性则与扰动性指数、应对能力指数呈现出负相关关系。应对能力强弱对年际水资源安全性具有重要作用,对月际系统安全性调节具有局限性。④ 水资源潜力、旅游发展、用水效率和纳污能力共同构成了系统安全的扰动要素,资金收入与投入、技术与道德措施形成了系统的应对能力,但各因子作用强度、性质不同。

关键词: 水资源系统, 安全评价, 集对分析, 山岳型旅游地, 黄山风景区

Abstract: The security assessment of water resources system is the key basis for water resources management and regulation. By choosing the disturbance and response capabilities as the evaluation factors, this study built the water resource security evaluation index system. First, the main evaluating indicators are determined, including the water resources, tourism development, social economic, environment aspects. Then, using the water resources and tourism development datasets over the period of 1998-2012, this paper presented an empirical analysis of water resource security evaluation in Huangshan resort, combined with the method of set pair analysis. Results show that: (1) The interannual variation of the security index presents an increasing tendency, rising from 0.4158 in 1998 to 0.5826 in 2012 at its medium level. From the point of view of evaluation factors, a disturbance index showed a slowly upword trend and response capacity increased rapidly. These changes of the disturbance and response capabilities are the underlying cause of water resources security improvement in Huangshan resort. (2) The monthly variation of the security index has the pattern of"double peaks and two valleys"at its medium level. But there are monthly difference, especially October has extreme insecurity. The monthly variation of water resources system is mainly affected by disturbance factors. Thus, monthly water supply and sewage treatment capacity are not sufficient enough to improve the security of the water resource system. (3) The interannual variation of the security index with disturbance and response capabilities exists a strong positive correlation. However, the monthly variation of the security index with disturbance and response capabilities exists a negative correlation. The interannual variation of the security index with response capabilities shows high consistency, but response capabilities can not change the monthly variation of the security index. (4) The potential of water resources, tourism development, water use efficiency and pollutant capacity constitute the disturbance factor for system security; income and investment, technology and moral measures form response capabilities. Environmental background conditions, eco-water usage and tourism water usage are key factors affecting security of water resources system. Rainfall and tourism water usage triggering a series of socio-economic and environmental changes are important factors. However, same-day visitors growth, larger load streams and the reservoir water quality do not constitute important disturbance factors. Scenic ecological protection, capital investment and tourism revenues play a crucial role in improving the response capacity of water system security. On the one hand, the paper provides a new study viewpoint of the tourism water resources security research. On the other hand, it also provides a scientific basis for the water resource sustainable development of mountain tourism destination.

Key words: water resources system, security assessment, set pair analysis, mountain resorts, Huangshan