地理研究 ›› 2014, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (9): 1603-1616.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201409002

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中国区域经济协同发展的驱动因素——基于哈肯模型的分阶段实证研究

李琳(), 刘莹   

  1. 湖南大学经济与贸易学院,长沙 410079
  • 收稿日期:2013-12-26 修回日期:2014-05-14 出版日期:2014-09-20 发布日期:2014-11-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:李琳(1965- ),女,湖南涟源人,教授、博导,研究方向为区域创新与区域发展。 E-mail: lilin963@vip.sina.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社科基金重大项目(11&ZD012);湖南省软科学重点项目(2013ZK2006)

The driving forces of regional economic synergistic development in China: Empirical study by stages based on Haken model

Lin LI(), Ying LIU   

  1. School of Economy and Trade, Hunan University, Changsha 410079, China
  • Received:2013-12-26 Revised:2014-05-14 Online:2014-09-20 Published:2014-11-10

摘要:

运用哈肯模型对影响中国区域经济协同发展的驱动因素进行实证研究,以发现控制区域经济系统演化的序参量。分析了区域经济协同发展的内涵及基本特征,从区域比较优势(RCA)、区域经济联系(RER)和区域产业分工(RID)三个方面解析了区域经济协同发展的驱动因素;运用协同学中的哈肯模型对1992-2001年、2002-2011年20年间中国29省市经济协同发展驱动因素进行分阶段序参量识别,结果表明:中国区域经济协同发展的序参量由1992-2001年的RCA转变为2002-2011年的RCARID,表明中国进入协同发展新阶段;后10年(2002-2011年)与前10年(1992-2001年)相比,呈现出以下特征:市场分割程度降低,协同发展环境得到优化;区域经济协同发展从初级阶段跃升至中级阶段;中西部地区后发优势逐步显现,三大地区梯级差异缩小。

关键词: 区域经济, 协同发展, 哈肯模型, 序参量, 中国

Abstract:

In recent years, regional economic pattern in China is transforming from single growth pole to multi growth poles, which means that regional economic synergistic development in China has reached a new level and related research on synergistic development has raised wide attention. Meanwhile, as the basic theory of regional economic synergistic development, synergetics is credible in explaining economic problems and Haken model, an important model of synergetics, is of interdisciplinary innovation and great applicability. Thus. Haken model is used to discuss the driving forces of regional economic synergistic development in China, aiming at finding the order parameter of systematic evolution. <br/>Firstly, this paper briefly introduces the connotation and characteristics of regional economic synergistic development and explains the driving factors from three aspects: regional comparative advantage (RCA), regional economic relation (RER), and regional industrial division (RID). Secondly, Haken model is used to find the order parameter from the three above-mentioned driving forces of regional economic synergistic development in China based on the panel data of 29 provinces in the last two decades (1992-2001 & 2002-2011). Model results show: the order parameter of regional economic synergistic development in China has changed from RCA in the first stage to RCA&RID in the second stage, reflecting better regional economic synergistic development; moreover, several characteristics are shown in the last decade (2002-2011) according to the comparison of the observed two decades: regional economic relation has been intensified and market segmentation has improved, indicating superior environment of regional economic synergistic development; regional economic synergistic development level in China has risen from primary level to intermediate level; the advantage of backwardness in central and western regions of China has been intensified gradually, also, the gradient difference of the three regions has been reduced.

Key words: regional economy, synergistic development, Haken model, order parameter, China