地理研究 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (10): 1873-1885.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201710005

• 观点与争鸣 • 上一篇    下一篇

混杂性:关于乡村性的再认识

吕祖宜(), 林耿()   

  1. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2017-04-12 修回日期:2017-07-16 出版日期:2017-10-20 发布日期:2017-11-16
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:吕祖宜(1992- ),女,广东东莞人,硕士,研究方向为文化地理学。E-mail: lvzuyi_sysu@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41671139,41271164)

Hybridity: Rethinking rurality

Zuyi LV(), Geng LIN()   

  1. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2017-04-12 Revised:2017-07-16 Online:2017-10-20 Published:2017-11-16

摘要:

乡村性一直是西方乡村地理研究的核心。传统认识中的乡村性被认为是一种乡村本身既有的平面化和单向度的性质。然而,在社会现实和学术思潮的后现代转向下,乡村性被置于“后乡村”的语境中进行重新理解,强调了一种多元化和异质性意义上的不断生产和再生产的动态过程。当今,“后乡村”的重构牵涉多元主体、跨越多重尺度、交织流动关系,镶嵌于混杂的过程、话语和实践之中,“混杂性”成为理解日益复杂的乡村性的有益视角。从主体混杂与再物质化、网络混杂与关系乡村、意义混杂与融入现代性三个方面,对近年西方研究关于“后乡村”的混杂性视角进行系统评述,重新解读有关乡村性的认识,并探讨其对国内乡村研究的启示。

关键词: 混杂性, 乡村性, 后乡村, 重构, 中国

Abstract:

Rurality has always been a central topic of rural studies in the West. Discussions on its definitions have been quite complex, contested and even ambivalent, reflecting recent dramatic changes occurring in rural economies, politics and social cultures. In tradition, rurality has been regarded as a given nature that is self-evident, generalized and one-dimensional. However, with the post-modern transformation of social realities and academic trends, the concept of rurality now focuses on dynamic processes through which diversified and heterogeneous meanings are produced and reproduced. Many scholars have called for a 'post-rural' context from which to understand rural reconstruction in a new era. Just as 'post-modernity' refers to the reflexivity of modernity, the concept of the 'post-rural' has been advanced not to partition phases of rural development, but to realize the reflexive turn occurring in rural studies. The 'post-rural' can be regarded as a 'complex', as multiple actors, events, discourses and practices co-exist and interplay. Hybridity refers to a process of recreation based on the integration of heterogeneous elements together with the elimination of borders between systems. Thus, hybridity is considered to be one of the most useful theoretical perspectives for understanding the essence of rurality in an increasingly complex context. Hence, based on interpretations and analyses of previous literature of the West, this paper proposes a framework on hybridity in 'post-rural' settings based on the following three aspects: (1) hybridity produced by human and non-human actors and trends of rematerialization emphasizing performances and practices in post-rural everyday life; (2) hybridity embedded in fluid networks and relations and dialectical relationships between rurality, globality, and urbanity; (3) hybridity stimulated through rural area's integration into processes of modernization and processes of negotiation occurring between the de-alienation of traditional local cultures and the alienation of modernity. Finally, considering the particularities of the context of rural China, this paper discusses ways in which the perspective of hybridity offers new insights into the studies and practices of Chinese rural reconstruction.

Key words: hybridity, rurality, post-rural, reconstruction, China