地理研究 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (7): 1253-1267.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201807001

• •    下一篇

区域产业发展演化:路径依赖还是路径创造?

贺灿飞()   

  1. 北京大学城市与环境学院,北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2017-12-07 修回日期:2018-04-27 出版日期:2018-07-30 发布日期:2018-07-31
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:贺灿飞(1972- ),男,江西永新人,博士,教授,研究方向为经济地理、产业与区域经济。 E-mail: hecanfei@urban.pku.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41731278);国家杰出青年科学基金项目(41425001)

Regional industrial development and evolution: Path dependence or path creation?

Canfei HE()   

  1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2017-12-07 Revised:2018-04-27 Online:2018-07-30 Published:2018-07-31
  • About author:

    Author: Shi Zhenqin (1988-), PhD, specialized in regional development and land space management in mountain areas. E-mail: kevinszq@163.com

    *Corresponding author: Deng Wei (1957-), Professor, specialized in mountain environment and regional development.

    E-mail: dengwei@imde.ac.cn

摘要:

区域发展是区域产业不断演化、转型与升级的过程。近年来发展起来的演化经济地理学旨在通过分析企业进入、成长、衰退和退出等动态过程阐释企业、产业、集群、网络、城市和区域的空间演化,认为区域产业发展演化遵循路径依赖,并决定于产业技术关联。然而路径依赖式演化理论过于强调内生发展过程,忽视了外生因素和制度变革带来的路径创造机会。中国处于经济转型时期,区域产业结构变动剧烈。技术关联推动了区域产业演化,显示中国区域产业演化具有路径依赖性,同时市场化、全球化和分权化的经济转型过程为区域产业发展创造了新路径。外部联系、制度安排、行为主体的战略性行为等促进了路径创造。

关键词: 演化经济地理, 区域产业演化, 路径依赖, 路径创造, 产品空间

Abstract:

Regional development is a process in which industries develop, transform and upgrade constantly. Evolutionary economic geography understands the spatial evolution of firm, industry, cluster, network, city and region through the lens of firm entry, growth and exit, and argues that regional industrial evolution is path dependent and determined by inter-industrial technological relatedness. However, path dependence theory overemphasizes the endogenous factors in regional industrial development and ignores the critical role of external linkages and institutional factors, which would bring path creation for regional development. In China, there has been dramatic transformation in regional industrial structure since the economic reform. Empirical studies indicate that technological relatedness has indeed significantly determined regional industrial evolution, suggesting a path dependent process. Meanwhile, marketization, globalization and regional decentralization provide great opportunities to create new industries for regional development. In particular, external linkage, institutional factors and purposeful and strategic actions of local actors would stimulate path creation.

Key words: evolutionary economic geography, regional industrial evolution, path dependence, path creation, product space